• Soil preparation:

All varieties of garlic prefer light and humiferous soil, preferably not too rich.
He fears fresh manure.
It is advisable to choose a sunny exposure and avoid wetlands.

  • Culture:

Planting is carried out from November to March for white garlic and from April to May for pink garlic.
It is advisable to plant at a depth of 3 cm with a spacing of 12-15 cm on the row, 25-30 cm between the lines.
Garlic is poorly resistant to competition from vigorous weeds. It is therefore imperative to weed garlic plantations by various means including weeding, hoeing by hand or spreading herbicides. Deep hoeing near the plants is not recommended so as not to risk injuring the roots and thus reducing the yield of the crop.
In the presence of heavy and wet soil, the crop can be raised by forming a small mound of earth (ridge).

  • The harvest:

The harvest is carried out 9 months after planting, in the presence of a good maturity of the garlic.
The good maturity of garlic is seen when the leaves turn yellowish and lean towards the ground.
Once torn off, leave the garlic on the ground to dry in the sun and then store it in a dry, ventilated place.

  • Insects and diseases:

The fly plays a harmful role because its larva, appearing between mid-April and the end of May, eats the heart of the pods, rotting thereafter.
To remedy this problem, it is necessary to water 3 times a week with a decoction of tansy during the aforementioned period, as well as to tear out and burn contaminated plans because the larvae move throughout the crop.
The larvae of the moth appear in May and attack the stems of the plant in May and June. To solve this, it is necessary during the month of May to spray 2 times a week with an infusion of tansy.
Rust is the main disease of garlic. Leaves and bulbs attacked by fungi are spotted yellow-orange and sometimes dry out. Bordeaux mixture should be sprayed preventively.

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